What is an IGBT?
An IGBT (Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor) is a transistor whose input section has a MOS structure and its output section has a bipolar structure. This transistor has the characteristics of a MOSFET with high input impedance and high switching speed, and the characteristics of a bipolar transistor with low saturation voltage.
See IGBT Structure for the structure of the IGBT.
Features of IGBTs
The features of IGBTs when compared with power MOSFETs and bipolar transistors are shown below.
|Item||Power MOSFET||Bipolar Transistor||IGBT|
|Structure (arrows indicate the direction of the drain current / collector current)||
|Control Systems||Voltage control||Current control||Voltage control|
|Breakdown Voltage||About 30 V to 800 V||About 50 V to 800 V||About 400 V to 1200 V|
|Increasing the Current||Easy (about 1 A to 100 A)||Difficult (about 2 A to 25 A)||Easy (about 15 A to 40 A)|
This section describes the structure and features of IGBTs. Compared to the punch-through type, the non-punch-through type and field-stop type have faster switching speed, lower loss, and thinner / smaller size.
|Structure||Punch-through (PT) Type||Non-punch-through (NPT) Type||Field-stop (FS) Type|
|Short Circuit Withstand Time||Short||Long||Medium|